German settlers in Azerbaijan in 19th — beginning of 20th century

How did German colonists contribute to the cultural and economic diversity of Azerbaijan?

Iryna Kostyuk

The resettlement of German colonists to the Russian Empire began in the time of Empress Catherine II. After the series of Russian-Turkish wars in the second half of XVIII — beginning of XIX century and conquering of vast territories, German peasants and craftsmen were invited to settle in the Black Sea region. Despite the help of Russian authorities, the life of German settlers in the South-East Caucasus was not so easy. Adaptation process was even more complex because of the unfamiliar climate, a different way of local life and spread of various diseases. Nevertheless, German settlements (the largest one being Elenendorf) in the course of several decades became prosperous places.

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