The resettlement of German colonists to the Russian Empire began in the time
of Empress Catherine II. After the series of Russian-Turkish wars in the second half
of XVIII — beginning of XIX century and conquering of vast territories, German
peasants and craftsmen were invited to settle in the Black Sea region. Despite the help of Russian authorities, the life of German settlers in the
South-East Caucasus was not so easy. Adaptation process was even more complex
because of the unfamiliar climate, a different way of local life and spread of various
diseases. Nevertheless, German settlements (the largest one being Elenendorf) in
the course of several decades became prosperous places.